OUR SERVICES : AGE-RELATED
MACULAR DEGENERATION (AMD)
It is the mission of Drs.
Kresie and Penzler to make sure every patient
understands the disease and treatment of their eye
disease. Research in macular degeneration is continually
progressing and Drs. Kresie and Penzler are
participating in seminars and conferences focusing on
the most current treatment options and are happy to
discuss these with their patients.
Is your cup half full
or half empty?
The most important fact about AMD is that you will not
go blind from this disease. That being said, AMD causes
46 percent of severe vision loss in people over the age
of 40. However, there is good news. New treatments for
certain cases of AMD have not only been successful in
halting the progression of the disease, but actually
What is AMD?
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a painless
disease that gradually destroys sharp, central vision.
Seeing objects clearly and daily tasks such as reading
and driving become more difficult with AMD. Some cases
of AMD develop so slowly over time that the patient does
not notice their vision changing. In other cases, it
develops much faster and quickly leads to vision loss in
both eyes. However, even in advanced cases, patients are
able to live and care for themselves independently.
Who gets it and why?
The number one risk factor is age. AMD affects less
than 10 percent of people ages 43 to 54, but this figure
more than triples for those who are aged 75 to 85.
Ethnicity plays a role. Current research shows that
Chinese Americans and Caucasians are at highest risk,
while African Americans and Hispanics have a much lower
risk. Smokers more than double their risk for this
disease. Genetic studies do suggest a hereditary
pattern. Other risk factors that are less conclusive
include: hypertension, cardiovascular disease, sunlight
exposure, alcohol use and hormonal status.
What are the newest
A mixture of vitamins C, E, beta-carotene, zinc and
copper have been shown to reduce the rate of progression
by 25 percent over the course of six years in some cases
of AMD. Smoker should avoid any vitamin that includes
beta-carotene as it may increase the risk of lung
cancer. People with a family history of AMD or mild AMD
are encourages to use a regular multivitamin while
including fruits and deeply colored vegetables in their
diets such as red peppers, spinach and kale. For
the latest updates regarding AREDS and supplements
Treatment for wet AMD
now includes injecting medications directly into the
eye. These injections may be used alone or in
combination with laser surgery. In the past, the
prognosis for wet AMD was dismal. Today, there is a 90
percent chance of maintaining a patients vision and a
40 percent chance of improving the vision within days or
months after these new treatments!
What can I do to
protect my vision?
The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends a
dilated eye exam once every two years for people between
the ages of 40 and 60, and yearly thereafter. This
important exam will identify early signs of AMD. If you
have been told you have early or mild macular
degeneration, follow the above recommendations for
vitamin therapy and use an Amsler grid weekly. This
little rid isolates each eye so that any sudden change
in vision can be detected and treatment initiated sooner
for a more successful outcome.
Macular degeneration in
many cases is a slowly progressive disease. Visual tasks
such as reading or using the computer do not affect the
progression of the disease. So celebrate the vision you
have and keep reading!
For more information and
to find out if youre at risk for AMD or other eye
diseases, go online and visit