OUR SERVICES : GLAUCOMA
At Kresie and Penzler,
M.D.s PA you will get the best glaucoma care in an
inviting, comfortable setting. As a member of the
Glaucoma Research Foundation, our physicians understand
the importance of early detection and treatment of this
sight threatening disease.
Anyone. But those at higher risk to develop glaucoma
Over 60 years old
People of African descent
Relatives of people with glaucoma
Hispanics in older age groups
Very nearsighted (myopic)
People with diabetes
People with extensive steroid use
People with thin central cornea
When Should You
Get Your Eyes Checked for Glaucoma?
The Glaucoma Research Foundation recommends that
people at high risk for glaucoma, especially people of
African descent over age 35 and all people over 60,
receive an eye examination through dilated pupils every
one or two years.
Glaucoma is an eye disease that gradually steals
your vision. Often, glaucoma has no symptoms and can
suddenly result in vision loss. Without proper
treatment, glaucoma can lead to blindness. The good news
is that with regular eye exams, early detection and
treatment, you can preserve your sight. This guide will
give you a complete introduction to the facts on
glaucoma. Read on to learn more about how to recognize
this disease, its symptoms and the treatment options
The Eye with
In most types of glaucoma, the eyes drainage system
becomes clogged so the intraocular fluid cannot drain.
As the fluid builds up, it causes pressure to build
inside the eye. High pressure damages the sensitive
optic nerve and results in vision loss.
The Optic Disc
You have millions of nerve fibers that run from your
retina to the optic nerve. These fibers meet at the
optic disc. As fluid pressure within your eye increases,
it damages these sensitive nerve fibers and they begin
to die. As they die, the disc deigns to hollow and
pushes the optic nerve into a cupped or curved shape. If
the pressure remains too high for too long, the extra
pressure can damage the optic nerve and result in vision
It was once thought that high intraocular pressure (IOP)
was the main cause of this optic nerve damage. Although
IOP is clearly a risk factor, we now know that other
factors must also be involved because people with
normal IOP can experience vision loss from glaucoma.
How Vision Loss
Glaucoma usually occurs in both eyes, but extra
fluid pressure often starts to build up in one eye
first. This damage may cause gradual visual changes and
then sight loss. Often, peripheral (side) vision is
affected first, so the change in your vision may be
small enough that you may not notice it. With time, your
central (direct) vision will also begin to be lost.
Are There Symptoms?
In the most common form, glaucoma, buildup of fluid
pressure happens very slowly. Often, there are not
uncomfortable or painful symptoms. In less common kinds
of glaucoma, symptoms can be more severe. These symptoms
Eye and head pain
Nausea or vomiting
The appearance of rainbow-colored circles around
Sudden sight loss
people of all ages, from babies to older adults.
Although everyone is at risk for glaucoma, those at
higher risk include people over age 60, relatives of
people with glaucoma, people of African descent, people
with diabetes, people with extensive use of steroids,
and people who have elevated eye pressure.
doctors are still not sure why the eyes drainage canals
stop working correctly. We do know that glaucoma is not
caused by too much reading, reading in low light, diet,
wearing contact lenses, or other normal activities. We
also know that glaucoma is not contagious, is not
life-threatening, and rarely leads to blindness if found
early and treated correctly.
What You Can Do
To Prevent Vision Loss
Doctors recommend a glaucoma eye exam as part of
regular eye exams for children, teenagers and adults.
Everyone should have a thorough glaucoma exam around the
age of 40, then every two to four years afterward. If
you are at higher risk, you should have a thorough exam
every one to two years after age 35. Sight loss
resulting from glaucoma cannot be reversed. However,
early detection and careful, lifelong treatment can
maintain vision. Glaucoma can often be controlled with
medication or surgery. I*f you are diagnosed, it is
important that you follow your treatment plan without